Karimojong are divided into different ethnic groups. Among them are the Bokora, the Pian, the Upe and the Matheniko and they all live in the game reserves carrying their name.

Pian Upe game reserve, covers an area of 2788 sq. km from Mt. Kadam to Mt. Napak to the North. Within the reserve boundaries live giraffes, lions, zebras, antelopes, leopards, buffaloes and many other species. Pian Upe is the largest reserve in Uganda and one of the few places where to observe Rothschild’s Giraffe.

Together with the game reserve of Bokora and Matheniko create a larger ecosystem of savanna and mountains in a semi arid area. Birdlife is particularly prolific around the swamp terrains. A good spotting place is the Loporokocho swamp.

In this region we find many bird species difficult to see elsewhere like the Ostrich (Struthio camelus), Hartlaub’s Bustard (Lissotis hartlaubii), Jackson’s Hornbill (Tockus jacksoni), and the White-headed Buffalo-Weaver (Dinemellia dinemelli).